Pythagoras Theorem: Baravalle demonstration
We can play with two previous interactive applications to 'see' demonstrations of the Pythagorean Theorem. One is inspired in Euclid (although Euclid did not have a dynamic approach) and the other uses a tiling.
The Pythagorean Theorem (or Theorem of Pythagoras) is one of the most famous theorems of Mathematics. It is a property of right-angled triangles.
Then the Theorem of Pythagoras states that the square on the hypotenuse equals the sum of the (areas of the) squares on the other two sides.
In this page we can interact with another dynamic and interactive demonstration of the Pythagorean Theorem devised by Hermann Baravalle (1945).
The main idea is that if a parallelogram is changed by a shearing (preserving its base and altitude), its area remains constant.
And if we consider a movement (a translation in this case) of a parallelogram the area does not change.
This is a demonstration of the Pythagorean Theorem:
Euclides, The Elements
Alexander Bogomolny, Cut the Knot. Pythagorean theorem.
H.S.M. Coxeter, 'Introduction to Geometry', John Wiley and Sons, Second edition, pp. 8-9.
John Stillwell, "Mathematics and its History", Springer-Verlag, New York, 2002.
Martin Gardner, 'Sixth Book of Mathematical Diversions from "Scientific American"'. Scribner, 1975.
Eli Maor, "The Pythagorean theorem: a 4000-year history", Princeton University Press, United States of America, 2007.
F.J. Swetz and T.I. Kao, "Was Pythagoras chinese?", The Pennsylvania State University Press, United States of America, 1977.