Drawing a Regular Pentagon with ruler and compass
If we start with a segment we can draw a regular pentagon, only using ruler and compass, that has this segment as one side. We already know that the diagonal of a regular pentagon are in golden ratio to its sides and that the golden ratio is denoted by and its value is: This is the basic step: Then the value of a is:
Then we can draw a segment with length the diagonal of the regular pentagon:
And we can finish our work and get a regular pentagon: Drawing twelve pentagons we get the net of a dodecahedron:
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In his book 'Underweysung der Messung' Durer draw a nonregular pentagon with ruler and a fixed compass. It is a simple construction and a very good approximation of a regular pentagon.
A golden rectangle is made of an square an another golden rectangle. These rectangles are related through an dilative rotation.
The twelve vertices of an icosahedron lie in three golden rectangles. Then we can calculate the volume of an icosahedron
Some properties of this platonic solid and how it is related to the golden ratio. Constructing dodecahedra using different techniques.
Durer made a mistake when he explanined how to draw ellipses. We can prove, using only basic properties, that the ellipse has not an egg shape .
The first drawing of a plane net of a regular dodecahedron was published by Dürer in his book 'Underweysung der Messung' ('Four Books of Measurement'), published in 1525 .
Leonardo da Vinci made several drawings of polyhedra for Luca Pacioli's book 'De divina proportione'. Here we can see an adaptation of the dodecahedron.
